Gardening is the process or action of
cultivating of the soil particularly in a garden; the care of a garden. Gardening
is the practice of growing and cultivating plants. We can plant different types
of plants in the garden like ornamental plants(plants that are grown for
decorative purpose in garden) useful plants like root vegetable(a part of
vegetable that is grown underground, eaten by human as food),leaf vegetable,
fruit, herbs, medicinal plants and many more.
Gardening is not just an activity, for some people it is stress relief. For some, it is a world filled with hope and joy. While some people do gardening just to prevent their plants from dying. While some people take care of their garden very lovingly. There are many benefits of gardening. It not only keeps our environment clean but it also helps to improve our physical fitness and also builds mental resilience. If you have a lot of time and you have a lot to do then do something that you can do to make your garden special.
History of Gardening in India
The history of systematic gardening in India is as old as civilization of Indus of Harappan which existed between 2500 B.C and 1750 B.C. At that time people were living in well-organized houses and their utensils were decorated with designs of plants or trees. The oldest form of gardening in the world is forest gardening. Forest gardening is a forest-based food production system. In ancient times, gardening originated on river banks and wet foothills of monsoon regions.
After the emergence of the first civilizations, began to create gardens. These people create garden for aesthetic purposes. In ancient time, people planted gardens to provide shade. They associate garden with god and believed that their God were happy by planting a garden. In every village, trees including Ficus religiosa (pipal) and F. bengalensis (banyan) were planted for worship as well as for shade. That time the gardens were surrounded by walls and trees were planted in the row.
Aryans came to India in 1600 B.C. They were literate people and took 4 Vedas(Rig Veda, Artharva Veda, Yuzur Veda and Sam Veda) with them. They appreciated the beauty of the flowers, plants, lakes and mountains and named their children after all of them like Kamal, Champa, Bela, Chameli, Rukmani, etc., The horticulture of that time was detailed in the Ramayana written by Valmiki. In Ayodhya, garden were planted with different types of flowering plants, fruit trees, had lakes full of lotus .It is believed that during the exile, Lord Ram and Sita were fascinated by seeing many flowering trees and their beautiful flowers, one of which was Ashoka.
The great emperor Ashoka (264-227 B.C.) adopted the policy of tree plantation as one of the policies of his kingdom. He had inspired all the people to plant trees in every street and locality of his state. His son Prince Mahendra took a sapling of the Bodhi tree and planted it at Anuradhapur in Sri Lanka(250 B.C.).